Carthage was conquered only in 202. And it is a little later, in 196 a. C., that the Roman legions begin to appear again on these territories to conquer Insubria.
North of the Po Insubri and Como hinabitants, following their complete dedication to the Romans, they obtained peace without unfavorable conditions and also benefited from them which led to a slow but deliberate Romanization. The settlements and traces of the Roman world that were found in Brianza and in the Como area are remarkable.
Just dig in the fields used for agriculture and discover remains of history.
One of the largest settlements re-emerging is that of Mariano Comense. In addition to the remains of the buildings that made up the ancient vicus, the discovery also yielded a necropolis with more than 220 burials.
In Lecco, recent excavations of the Lecco Civic Museums led to the discovery of a Golasecca Culture Village at the Rocca di Chiuso. The chronological horizon goes from the 9th century BC to the IV century AD Thus the settlement of the Celasecchian Celts in the area precedes the arrival of the Celti La Tène from beyond the Alps by over 4 centuries and numerous archaeological finds testify to the presence of the Golasecca and La Tène culture in the area (Olate di Lecco and Valsassina).
In 2005 at Piani d’Erna the excavations brought to light the oldest metallurgical production site in the entire Alpine region (2nd century BC – 1st century AD). The remains of melting furnaces and processing slag prove that this activity, which will then be traditional for Lecco for two thousand years, was then already flourishing.
In Biassono the traces of the Roman villa of S. Andrea have emerged with a large cistern for collecting water and a “small treasure” with over 2000 sesterces. Definitely interesting are the mosaics of the Roman villa of Robbiano di Giussano and the nearby necropolis of Cascina Gallazza, between Robbiano and Verano.
In Capriano and Brugora deposits of waste materials from Roman kilns, organized with mass production, have been found and are still found today. In the territory of Carate the finds of Roman materials and testimonies resurfaced in Agliate, Costa and Realdino. In historic Brianza, a place of primary importance is Cassago, the ancient rus Cassiciacum of Agostino, where the villa of his friend Verecondo stood, which yielded a copious amount of lithic and ceramic finds.
A territory inhabited thanks to the presence of water and food, it was an area of stilt houses and small towns organized since the Bronze Age.
We report some of the most important archaeological areas: one near the Piani d’Erna and one near the archaeological park of Piani di Barra. The traces found that refer to organized populations, who were able to work iron, can be found in the archaeological museums of the Belgiojoso Palace area of Lecco and the Civic Archaeological Museum of Como which preserve these precious finds.
The archaeological itinerary may also include a visit to the Comacina Island and the Antiquarium Museum, following the reconstruction of the cultural passages of the inhabitants of the small island opposite Ossuccio.